Parody and the Intertextuality of History
HERMOSA HUTCHEON Arianne y an important affaire Г interpreter l'ensemble des interpretations qu'a interpreter des choses, et plus de livres sur les livres o qual sur nouveau sujet: nous-memes ne faisons que nous entregloser. -Montaigne
The frontiers of a book are never uncomplicated, facile, undemanding, easy, basic, simple: beyond it, the initially lines, and the last full-stop, beyond its internal construction and its autonomous form, it truly is caught up within a system of recommendations to other books, different texts, other sentences: it is a node in a network. -Foucault
What we are likely to call postmodernism in literary works today is normally characterized by strong self-reflexivity and overtly parodic intertextuality. In fiction this means that it is usually metafiction that is equated with the postmodern. Given the scarcity of precise meanings of this challenging period status, such an equation is often accepted without question. The things i would like to argue is that, in the interests of precision and consistency, we need to add another thing to this explanation: an equally self-conscious dimension of history. My personal model the following is postmodern buildings, that resolutely parodic recalling of the history of architectural varieties and functions. The concept of the the 80 Venice Bisannuelle, which presented postmodernism to the architectural universe, was " The Presence of earlier times. " The word postmodernism, when ever used in fiction, should, simply by analogy, best be set aside to describe hype that is simultaneously metafictional and historical in the echoes from the texts and contexts in the past. In order to distinguish this paradoxical beast from classic historical fiction, I would like to label it " historiographic metafiction. " The category of novel I actually am thinking about includes 100 Years of Isolation, Ragtime, French Lieutenant's Female, and The Identity of the Flower. All of these happen to be popular and familiar novels whose metafictional self-reflexivity (and intertextuality) makes their implicit claims to historical validity somewhat challenging, to say the least. several
In the wake of new assaults simply by literary and philosophical theory on modernist formalist closure, postmodern American fiction, particularly, has desired to open itself up to history, to what Edward Said (The World) calls the " world. " But it seems to have found it can no longer do so in any harmless way: the knowledge of direct reference from the historical book or even the non-fictional novel is finished. So may be the certainty of self-reference implied in the Borgesian claim that both literature plus the world are equally fictive realities. The postmodern romantic relationship between fiction and record is a more complex among interaction and mutual inference. Historiographic metafiction works to situate alone within historical discourse with no surrendering its autonomy as fiction. In fact it is a kind of really ironic parody that effects both aspires: the intertexts of history and fiction accept parallel (though not equal) status in the parodic re-doing of the fiel past of both the " world" and literature. The textual incorporation of these intertextual past(s) as being a constitutive strength element of postmodernist fiction functions as a formal marking of historicity-both literary and " worldly. " At first glance any difficulty . it is only their constant satrical signaling of difference with the very cardiovascular of similarity that differentiates postmodern parody from medieval and Renaissance imitation (see Greene 17). For Dante, as for At the. L. Doctorow, the text messaging of literature and those of the past are evenly fair game. Nevertheless, a distinction ought to be made: " Traditionally, tales were stolen, as Chaucer stole his; or these people were felt as the common real estate of a traditions or community... These distinctive happenings, dreamed or true, lay outside the house language just how history by itself is supposed to, within a condition of natural occurrence" (Gass 147). Today, there is a come back to the idea of one common...