Study Information for Human Nutrition Evaluation Essay

Analyze Guide pertaining to Human Diet Test

HUN1201 Exam III Study Information

Chapter 16

1) Fuel/energy needs pertaining to Physical Activity (different intensities), during and content exercise

-Adenosine triphosphate (ATP):

oThe energy-carrying molecule in the body

(ATP must be made continuously seeing that muscles retail outlet only enough ATP pertaining to 1–3 secs of activity) -Creatine phosphate (CP):

•Stores energy you can use to make ATP

•3−15 just a few seconds of maximal physical effort

*(0-3 sec) 100% ATP/CP

*(10-12 sec) 50% ATP/CP 50 percent Carbohydrates

*(4-6 min) 6% ATP/CP 94% Carbohydrates

*(32-40 min) completely Carbohydrates

*(2-3 hr) 75% Carbohydrates, twenty percent Fat, five per cent Other

*(5-7 hr) 65% Fat 35% Carbohydrates

-After creatine phosphate, glucose is the next source of energy for ATP production -Glucose provides ATP

•Glycolysis

-Glucose supply during exercise:

Muscle glycogen & blood glucose

Glycogen stores will be limited

-Triglycerides (fats) may be metabolized to create ATP

•For low-intensity exercise

•For exercise of long duration (marathons)

•2x more energy/g as CHO

•Slow in breaking down

•Primary energy source during rest, sitting, and browsing place; likewise endurance events.

****Carbohydrates are mainly used for high-intensity activity ****Fats are used for low-intensity exercise

****Proteins (amino acids) are not used as a gasoline source to get exercise

2) Nutrient requires for energetic exercise

Carbs needs

-Athletes

•45−65% of total energy from CHO

-Following exercise:

•CHO + PTN

•Enhance muscle mass protein activity

•Optimize glycogen storage

•First 4−6 hours of recovery

-Complex, less-processed sugars: whole grains, fruits, and fruit and vegetables supply dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals **** When a low carbohydrate is usually consumed, glycogen stores can not be restored throughout a period of frequent vigorous training.

****Training Effects on Body fat Metabolism

•Increased number and activity of digestive enzymes involved in fat metabolism •Improved ability of muscles to store fat

•Improved ability to extract fat from your blood for proper use during work out •Spares CHO for prolonged, intense schooling or competition

Healthy proteins Needs

-Increased for sportsmen

-Recreational endurance players

•Equal or slightly higher than the RDA

-Young athletes who are developing

•High-PTN, low-CHO diet plan for sportsmen

•NOT recommended

•Too low in energy & CHO to support training & performance

3) Effects of dehydration and Heat Health problems

Fluid Requires

*****Functions of water

•Lubricant that bathes tissues and cells

•Transportation of nutrients, hormones, waste materials

•Component of chemical reactions

•Part of physique tissues (proteins and glycogen)

•Temperature regulation: evaporative cooling down

Symptoms of Dehydration During Hefty Exercise:

- Decreased work out performance

-Increased level in perceived exertion

-Dark yellow-colored or brownish urine color

-Increased heartrate at specific exercise intensity

-Decreased urge for food

-Decreased capability to concentrate

-Decreased urine outcome

-Fatigue and weakness

-Headache and fatigue

Water Equilibrium

•Heat syncope: dizziness

•Heat cramping: muscle spasms

•Heat exhaustion and heatstroke take place on a entier; symptoms include: •Excessive sweating, weakness, nausea, dizziness, pain, difficulty paying attention

Chapters 8 and 7. a few

1) Variations between normal water soluble, excess fat soluble vitamins, and nutrients oFor every single know: absorption, function, insufficiencies, coenzymes, options, toxicities EXTRA STUFF

•Vitamins and mineral deposits

•Do not directly offer energy

•Are needed for creating energy from macronutrients

•B-complex vitamins are particularly important in assisting strength metabolism •Often function as coenzymes

•Coenzyme:

oThiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6, niacin, pantothenic acid, & biotin Function primarily in energy metabolic rate

oFolate & vitamin B12

Function in cell revitalization and red blood cell synthesis ****

Vitamins are carbon-containing substances that control a wide range...